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IT历史上重要人物列表一揽

Aiken, Howard Hathaway (1900-1973)
 
哈佛数学家,二战期间,在美国海军和IBM的帮助下,建造了Charles Babbage的梦幻机器Harvard-IBM MARK I,第一台可编程控制的大规模计算器,完成于1944年。
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Allen, Paul G. (1953- )
 
与盖茨一起共同创办微软公司,1985年离开公司,但仍留在董事会。凭借微软股票带来的巨额财富,创建了多家计算机创新技术公司,比如Asymetrix Starware,还捐助多个公益项目,如西雅图的Jimi Hendrix博物馆。
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Amdahl, Gene M. (1922- )
 
南达科他人,领导设计IBM 704和S/360系列大型机,后离开IBM,创办Amdahl公司。
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Andreessen, Marc (1971- )
 
22岁那年与SGI创始人James H. Clark 共同创办Netscape通信公司。此前,他毕业于伊利诺斯大学,在那里的全国超级计算应用中心(NCSA),与一些学生一起开发了NCSA Mosaic 浏览器原型。
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Atanasoff, John Vincent (1904-1995)
 
爱荷华州立大学物理学教授,1939年他与研究生Clifford Berry一起开发基于二进制的计算机原型ABC (Atanasoff-Berry Computer),但由于后来他去华盛顿特区的海军军火实验室(Naval Ordnance Laboratory),机器没有最终完成。
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Babbage, Charles (1791-1871)
 
行为古怪的英国数学家,在技术具备之间,他整整超前了1个世纪提出了现代计算机的概念。他提出的差分机(Difference Engine)构想,可以计算冗长的科学计算表格。但是,经费、人力和身体状况等局限,使得一切变成“不可能完成的任务”。随后,他又提出更加野心勃勃的分析机(Analytical Engine),可以完成范围更广的计算任务。他已经认识到计算机需要一个输入设备、内存、中央处理器和输出设备,因此他被认为是“计算之父”(Father of Computing)
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Backus, John W. (1924- )
 
费城数学家,在IBM他领导开发小组创造了FORTRAN语言,第一个独立的编程语言。
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Bardeen, John (1908-1991)
 
出生于威斯康星州,晶体管共同发明人。在AT&T贝尔实验室与Walter Brattain和William Shockley一起,三个共同发明晶体管,也共同分享1956年的诺贝尔奖。后来,他又参与低温超导研究,成为该领域中唯一一位两次获得诺贝尔奖的科学家。
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Bartik, Jean (1935- )
出生于密苏里州,1945年作为数学神童加入Pennsylvania大学,与其他人一起为战时的重型火炮计算弹道轨迹。在军方启动ENIAC后,Bartik开始与Adele Goldstine一起,把它重新翻修成一台可存储计算机。虽然,他们与大数学家John von Neumann一同工作,但主要是Bartik编写出程序代码。
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Bell, Gordon (1934- )
 
出生于密苏里州,在小型机和多处理器设计方面颇具创新。开发总线结构和内存地址通用寄存器等都是其中的创新,他设计了第一台小型机和第一台分时计算机。与妻子一起,创办了波士顿计算机博物馆。
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Beard, Maston
 
Graduated in 1939 from Sydney University and was involved in radio transmitter design and radar research until joining the CSIRAC project in 1947 (the first stored-memory electronic computer in Australia). When the computer was moved to the University of Melbourne in 1955, he continued work on digital techniques and the application of computers in connection with navigational aids for civil aviation, the processing of data from radio telescopes, the control of Narrabri radio heliograph, and the control of the Siding Spring 3.9-meter telescope. He retired from CSIRO in 1978 while assistant chief at the Division of Computing Research. Following his retirement he served as a Senior Research Fellow in the CSIRO Division of Radiophysics. In 1980 he was awarded an Order of Australia Member (AM), in recognition of services to Radiophysics.
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Berners-Lee, Tim
 
万维网之父,毕业于英国牛津大学。他创建了超文本标识语言(HTML),以及用来描述信息资源的“统一资源定位符”(URL)。
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Berry, Clifford Edward (1918-1963)
 
出生于纽约,毕业于爱荷华州立大学。与John Atanasoff一起设计第一台使用数字电子技术的计算机,但是从来没有完成。虽然,人们公认是Atanasoff提出了这台机器的概念,但是在实际设计和建造中,Berry做了与Atanasoff相当的工作。
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Boole, George (1815 - 1864)
 
自学成才的英国数学家,他创建了逻辑学,也就是现在大家熟悉的使用0和1的布尔代数(Boolean algebra),是电子计算机科学的基础。
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Booth, Andrew Donald (1918- )
英国工程师和物理学家,是最早提出并支持在计算机中使用磁鼓存储器的人之一。1952年,他和父亲一起出售性能相当可靠的磁鼓,他还尝试用氧化物覆盖纸制作软盘。
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David Bradley
 
1980年,他设计的IBM PC的许多特性依然活在今天,是他发明了功能键<CTRL><ALT><DELETE>。
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Brainerd, Paul (1947- )
 
前明尼苏达州新闻记者,他创办了桌面出版先驱Aldus公司,他推出了具有革命性的软件Aldus PageMaker。
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Brattain, Walter (1902-1987)
 
在中国出生的美国人,晶体管的共同发明人,1956年与两位两位伙伴John Bardeen和William Shockley共同分享诺贝尔物理奖。
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Bricklin, Dan (1951- )
 
构思和设计了第一个电子表格软件VISICALC,该软件发布于1979年,是PC应用的第一个杀手级软件,具体编写代码的是Bob Frankston。
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Burroughs, William S. (1857-1898)
 
出生于纽约,发明家,在银行工作期间,被人工计算的不准确所启发,发明了加数器(printing adding machine),并于1888年获得了专利。
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Case, Steve (1958 - )
 
At 25 years of age, Case was heading the attempt to keep Control Video afloat. Two years later the company began to provide online services for Commodore computer users and changed its name to Quantum Computer Services. Within a couple of years, Case had crafted online deals with Apple Computer and Tandy. Apple eventually bailed out to launch its own online service, so Quantum revamped and consolidated. Case decided the company needed a new image, so he held a contest for a new name. He picked himself as the winner and America Online was born, although it's first name was Online America. In 1992, with just 120 employees, AOL went public, raised $66 million and Case was suddenly worth nearly $2 million on paper. Shortly after that, he was made CEO.
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Cerf, Vinton G. (1943- )
 
出生于康涅狄格州的小镇纽黑文(New Haven),因为共同开发TCP/IP(传输控制协议/互联网络协议),而被成为互联网之父。
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Cowpland, Michael Dr. (1943- )
 
出生于英国Sussex的Bexhill
 Bell Northern Research工程设计和项目主管 (1964-68)
国际公司电路设计主管(1969-73)
 Mitel公司共同创始人兼总裁(1973-84)
 Corel公司创始人、CEO兼总裁(1985-2000)
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Cray, Seymour (1925-1996)
 
出生于威斯康星州,发明家,超级计算机之父。建造了SUPER计算机,并通过他的发明使计算机不断加速,他和William Norris一起创办了控制数据公司,后来又陆续创办过7家公司,跟他设计的超级计算机一样繁多。
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Christensen, Ward
He and a friend, Randy Suess, created the first BBS February 16, 1978, in Chicago.
 It wasn't called a BBS. The name was CBBS, and for a time prople wondered what it stood for. Christensen's Bulletin Board System? Chicago Bulletin Board System? Ward says it meant Computerized Bulletin Board System and all the early Boards were termed a CBBS until the C was eventually dropped.
The first BBS ran on an S-100 computer with 64k RAM and two single-sided 8" diskettes each holding 250k.
Randy put the hardware together; Ward wrote the BBS software in 8080 assembler and served as the system operator, a term quickly shortened to sysop.
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Eckert, John Presper (1919-1995)
 
出生于宾夕法尼亚州,与John W. Mauchly一起,领导50人的团队,创建了世界上第一台通用电子计算机,也就是ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator)。
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Engelbart, Douglas C. (1925- )
 
出生于俄勒冈州,1963年发明鼠标,并申请了专利。他总共拥有20项左右专利,大多是现在微机的基本功能。
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Faggin, Fedirico
 
英特尔工程师,创建了通用可编程逻辑芯片4004,和他一起工作的有Hoff、Shima和Mazor。
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Felsenstein, Lee
 
发明家、电脑设计天才,他的杰作有:视频电路板(Video Circuit Board),Pennywhistle调制解调器,帮助Adam Osborne完成的Osborne 1,以及Expander计算机和Sol计算机。
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Fernandez Bill
1968年他将中学好友乔布斯(Steve Jobs)介绍给他的邻居沃兹(Steve Wozniak),间接地促成了一场电脑革命。
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Filo, David (left)
 
1994年还在斯坦福攻读博士学位的David Filo,与同学杨致远创建了互联网目录指南Yahoo!,帮助学校的同学们定位互联网上的优秀站点,后来成为全球最大的IT门户。
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Flowers, Thomas H. (1905- )
工程师,他领导的小组建造了一台更加快速、全电子的数字计算机COLOSSUS。以后复制了多台,在二战中帮助英国破解密码。
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Forrester, Jay Wright (1918- )
 
出生于内布拉斯加州,麻省理工教授。Nebraska native and MIT professor who made an important innovation in the way magnetic core memory was arranged and led the team that created Whirlwind, which was made to control flight simulators but ended up being used for any problems requiring real time control.
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Gates, William Henry III (1955 -)
 
出生于西雅图,哈佛辍学生,与Paul Allen创办微软公司,当今世界首富。
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Gernelle, Francois (1945 - )
 
In 1972, he joins Truong who just started R2E, and during a meeting with the people responsible for l'Inra “Institut national de recherche agronomique” who are looking for a cheap way to build a system to calculate the soil evapotranspiration, François Gernelle proposed to build a calculator for half the price.
He created the first micro-computer in the process. The Micral.
________________________________________

Geschke, Charles M.
 
1982年,与John Warnock一起创办了Adobe系统公司,开拓了桌面出版领域。
________________________________________

Goldstine, Adele
Mathematician who wrote the manual for the ENIAC and also was involved with its programming.
________________________________________

 Goldstine, Herman Heine (1913- )
 
Mathematician (Husband of Adele Goldstine) who helped design the ENIAC, at the University of Pennsylvania. He also worked with John von Newman on scientific papers at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) and went on to write one of the most complete computer history books.
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Hewlett, William R. (1913- )
 
出生于密歇根Michigan,1939年与David Packard一起共同创办了惠普公司。
________________________________________

Hoff, Marcian Edward Jr. (Ted) (1937- )
 
英特尔工程师,他发明了通用可编程逻辑芯片4004,也就是第一个所谓的微处理器,在发明过程中,他得到了Federico Faggin、Shima和Mazor的大力帮助。
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Holberton, Betty (1927- )
One of the team of young women at the University of Pennsylvania who, in 1945 calculated trajectories to help war time artillery gunners aim their weapons. When the ENIAC was invented, Holberton and five other women worked on it, becoming the world's first programmers.
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Hollerith, Herman (1860-1929)
 
出生于纽约,工程师。他开发了使用穿孔卡进行数据制表,他的机器并为美国人口统计局的1890年人口统计提供重要支持。
________________________________________

Holt, Ray (1944 -)
Nickname "Jolt"
Named by business partner who is spanish and Jolt is Spanish for Holt.


In 1971, Mr. Ray Holt wrote a design paper on the MOS-LSI chip set design the
World's First Microprocessor Chip Set Designed and Developed 1968-1970.
Co-designing the AMI 7200 and AMI 7300 in 1972-73, both general purpose microprocessors used in specialized products, as well as other special purpose microprocessors used in high-end calculators. In 1974, he co-founded Microcomputer Associates, Inc., and designed the JOLT and Super JOLT kit series.Other early accomplishments include the first microprocessor pinball game (1974), co-publisher of the first microcomputer industry publication, The Microcomputer Digest (1974), co-author of seven microprocessor design papers in the 70s, co-curriculum designer instructor for the first Intel microcomputer training courses (1973), beta tester for the Commodore PET BASIC language, and participation in the development of the prototype of the TRS-80 Model 1.
________________________________________

Hopper, Grace Brewster Murray (1906-1992)
 
New York born mathematician who has been called the first lady of software and the first mother teacher of all computer programmers. She invented the first programming languages in the 1950's, for the MARK I and UNIVAC I, and also invented the first compilers. She led the creation of COBOL which is the Common Business Oriented Language along with Charles Phillips. She was the first woman to get a doctorate in math from YALE, served as a Rear Admiral in the U.S. Naval Reserves.
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Jacquard, Joseph-Marie (1752-1834)
French weaver who built a fully automated loom programmed by punched cards. (The looms are still in use).
________________________________________

Jobs, Steven Paul (1955- )
 
加州大学辍学生,与Steve Wozniak一起共同创办苹果公司(Apple)。创业时就在他父母的车库里制造出第一台苹果电脑。后来,离开苹果创办了NeXT Computer.
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Johnson, Reynold B. (1906-1998)
 
Father of hard drives
A pioneer in the development of magnetic disk technology and computerized educational systems. He led the development and production of the first random access magnetic disk storage unit and the multiple head actuator.
He is the founding manager of the IBM Research Laboratory and the IBM Advanced Systems Development Division, San Jose and Los Gatos California Laboratories. His effort helped establish San Jose and the Silicon Valley region as the center of the disk drive industry of the world. He holds more than 90 patents in the areas of educational technologies, code translations, communications technology, and magnetic storage systems.
________________________________________

Kahn, Philippe
 
Kahn was born in Paris to a French mother and German father. After completing a mathematics degree in the 1970s, he moved to Switzerland to work on the PASCAL programming language. He then took the opportunity to program the Micral, a French microcomputer that beat the MITS Altair by more than a year.
In 1982 Kahn moved to the United States with $2,000 and a business plan.
The following year, he rented a space over a garage and founded Borland International. Starting with Turbo-Pascal, the self-styled "barbarian of the software industry" built the third largest software company in the world.
Borland's great times didn't last. Kahn's brash style alienated many people, including Bill Gates, who headed archrival, Microsoft. Kahn thought he could beat Microsoft, but a series of acquisitions and poor market decisions hurt Borland's prospects.
________________________________________

Kapor, Mitchell (1950- )
 
出生于纽约,软件设计师,与Jonathan Sachs一起创建了非常成功的电子表格软件Lotus 1-2-3,1982年在麻省堪布里奇创建了Lotus公司。
________________________________________

Kay, Andy
 
Andy Kay (MIT '40), who as CEO at Non Linear Systems, invented and produced the digital voltmeter. Credited by Electronics Design magazine together with Dr. William Shockley, co-inventor of transistor, for "leading the electronics industry into the digital revolution."  Another of Andy Kay's creations, KAYPRO, a local company that captured the attention of the personal computer world. KAYPRO, in 1983, was rated the 5th largest personal computer manufacturer in the world.
________________________________________

 Kay, Alan C.
 
Mathematician who conceived the basic concepts of high level, object oriented programming and subsequently designing Small-talk, the first completely object oriented language, while working at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center.
________________________________________

Kemeny, John (1926-1992)
 
Hungarian native and Dartmouth mathematician who co-developed BASIC in 1964, along with Thomas Kurtz. Kemeny was physicist Albert Einstein's research assistant.
________________________________________

Kilby, Jack St.Clair (1923- )
 
Engineer who grew up in Kansas and who independently invented the integrated circuit at Texas Instruments in 1945, at the same time as Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor. Along with Jerry D. Merryman and James Van Tassel, Kilby helped invent the first electronic handheld calculator by adapting the integrated circuit.
________________________________________

King, Augusta Ada (Lady Lovelace) (1815-1852)
 
She was best known for translating from French to English a report on a lecture Babbage gave, she added her own lengthy notes to the text, and has been credited with developing the concepts of "loop" and "subroutine". Babbage said that she explained the machine much better than he did and seemed to understand it better.
________________________________________

Kildall, Gary
 
Gary Kildall为英特尔微处理器编写了第一个高级编程语言PL/M,同时用PL/M编写了简单的操作系统,叫做CP/M (Control Program/Monitor)。
________________________________________

Knuth, Donald Ervin (1938- )
 
出生于密尔沃基[美国威斯康星州东南部港市],程序员、作家、音乐家和斯坦福教授。出版了3卷本(计划中为7卷)著作“编程的艺术”(The Art of Programming),总结了计算机科学的基础内容,成为一部经典。同时他还开发了科学排字语言Tex,和一个字母表设计系统 Metafont。
________________________________________

 Kurtz, Thomas (1928- )
 
出生于伊利诺斯州,1964年与John Kemeny一起共同开发了BASIC语言。
________________________________________

Lake, Clair D. (1888-1958)
IBM engineer credited by Howard Aiken as one of the co-inventors of the Harvard-IBM MARK I finished in 1944.
________________________________________

Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm (1646-1716)
German who invented the first machine that could easily add, subtract, multiply and divide. He was also an advocate of the binary system.
________________________________________

Licklider, J.C.R. (1915-1990)
He headed the Information Processing Technology Office at the U.S. Advance Research Projects Agency in the 1960's. While at his post, he established funding priorities for computer science research, which eventually led to the development of the Internet and the networking of computers.
________________________________________

Markkula, A.C. "Mike"
 
Former Intel executive who invested in Apple early on, essentially becoming a third partner to Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs.
________________________________________

Mauchly, John William (1907-1980)
 
Ohio born physicist who worked with J. Presper Eckert and a 50 member team to create the first electronic large scale, general purpose calculator, known as the ENIAC.
________________________________________

McCarthy, John (1927- )
Boston born mathematician who is considered to be one of the fathers of artificial intelligence for coining the term and for his work in helping computers reason more like human. He also created the programming language LSP in 1958.
________________________________________

Metcalfe, Robert (1946- )
 
New York native who led the creation of Ethernet, which linked the mini computers found at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Centre in 1973.
________________________________________

Miner, Jay
 
Jay Miner, was responsible for the development of the "Amiga", along with RJ Mical, Dave Morse and Carl Sassenrath.
________________________________________

Moore, Gordon (1929- )
 
California born who helped Robert Noyce develop the semi-conductor chip at Fairchild Semi-conductor in 1958. At the same time that Jack Kilby was inventing one at Texas Instruments. Later Noyce and Moore co-founded Intel Corporation. In 1965 he predicted that the capacity of a computer chip would double every year. (Moore's law).
________________________________________

Napier, John (1550-1617)
Scottish theologian and mathematician who discovered logarithms at the same time as the Swedish mathematician Jobst Burgi.
________________________________________

Nelson, Ted (1937- )
1956年,发明术语“超文本”(hypertext)。同时启动Xanadu项目, which would put the world's literary collection online and deal with copyright and accounting problems.
________________________________________

Norris, William (1911- )
 
内布拉斯加州工程师,创办控制数据公司(Control Data)。他给超级计算机天才Seymour Cray以充分的自由,开发超级计算机产品线,就是著名的6600。
________________________________________

Noyce, Robert N. (1927-1990)
 
爱荷华州(美国中西部的一州) 工程师,1958年,在仙童半导体公司发明集成电路,同期Jack Kilby也在德州仪器(TI)完成同样的发明。1968年,与Moore一起创办英特尔。
________________________________________

Oliver, Bernard (1916-1995)
 
50年代初期创办惠普实验室(Hewlett-Packard Laboratories),领导研究公司30年左右。
________________________________________

Olsen, Kenneth Harry (1926- )
 
出生于康涅狄格(位于美国西部),作为电气工程师建造了一台计算机测试磁芯存储器,帮助建造了Whirlwind,后来与Harlan Anderson共同创办DEC。.
________________________________________

Osborne, Adam (1939- )
1981年推出第一台商业上大获成功的便携式电脑Osborne 1。
________________________________________

Packard, David (1912-1996)
 
出生于美国科罗拉多州,和William Hewlett一起创办了惠普公司(Hewlett-Packard)。. They set up shop in a one car garage in Palo Alto, Calif., and Silicon Valley was born. They got their first of several patents when they created a resistor-capacitance audio oscillator, which Disney purchased to make the sound track for the film "Fantasia".
________________________________________

Pascal, Blaise (1623-1662)
French mathematician who at the age of 19 invented a machine (pascaline) that could add and subtract with the turn of wheels and also carry between digits. Later in life, Pascal became religious and philosophical and abandoned math and science.
________________________________________

Paterson, Tim
 
Creator of QDOS (Quick and Dirty Operating System) for use with Seattle Computer Products 8086-based computer. In 1980 Microsoft's Paul Allen contacts Seattle Computer Products Tim Paterson, asking for the rights to sell SCP's DOS to an unnamed client (IBM). Microsoft pays US$50,000 for the right.
________________________________________

Peddle, Chuck
 
Developed the 6502 and one of the first personal computers the Commodore PET(Personal Electronic Transactor).
________________________________________
Pearcey, Trevor
 
Graduated in 1940 from Imperial College, London with First Class honours in Physics and Mathematics. He came to Australia in late 1945 to work at the Radiophysics Division of CSIR. After working on radar systems, he began his career in computing by initiating the CSIRAC project in 1947 (the first stored-memory electronic computer in Australia). This project was followd by studies of programming languages in the United Kingdom and of computer networks when he returned to Australia in 1959. After a period as a consultant with the Control Data Corporation on the STAR 100 project, he retired from the Caulfield Institute of Technology (now Monash University) in the late 1980's. Trevor Pearcey died on Tuesday, 27 January 1998.
________________________________________

Raskin, Jef
(Mac creator)
1967年,在宾州大学,他写出了关于图形用户界面(GUI)的博士论文。在论文中,他第一次创造了“QuickDraw”这个概念,最后这个概念在17年后变成了苹果Mac的图形程序。
________________________________________

 Ritchie, Dennis M. (1941- )
出生于纽约,计算机科学家,与Ken Thompson一道于1973开发出著名操作系统UNIX,同时,他还开发了C编程语言。
________________________________________

Roberts, H. Edward
 
美国空军军官,与三位朋友一起,创建了MITS(Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems),1971年开始生产大规模集成电路计算机套件,很快推出第一台在商业上获得成功的个人电脑Altair,开发出一个巨大的市场,如今Roberts在一个小镇当医生。
________________________________________

Roberts, Larry (1927- )
被人认为是互联网前身——阿帕网(ARPA-Net)之父
________________________________________

Sammet, Jean E. (1928- )
 
New York born leading expert on the history of programming languages. She developed FORMAC, the first widely used language for manipulating symbolic mathematical expressions, while at IBM. She was the first female president of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
________________________________________

Scheutz, Georg (1785-1873)
and Edvard Raphael (1821-1881)
Father and son team of Swedish engineers who, in 1853, constructed an operational Difference Engine that was modeled after Charles Babbage's plans. Demonstrating that the machine could be constructed with the technology of the day.
________________________________________

Schikard, Wilhelm (1592-1635)
German astronomer, linguist, mathematician, and minister who in 1623 created the first workable adding machine which incorporated John Napier's logarithms.
________________________________________

Schreyer, Helmut (1912-1984)
德国工程师。German engineer who, as a graduate student helped Konrad Zuse design and build his mechanical and electromechanical computers. He is also credited with the idea of using vacuum and neon tubes instead of electromechanical relays.
________________________________________

Shannon, Claude Elwood (1916- )
Michigan born mathematician who wrote several influential papers, including one in 1937 that set the stage for digital computers and another in 1948 that founded information theory. He also wrote a paper that described the stored program computer, which led to the development of John von Newmann's digital, all purpose electronic calculating device. The International Standard Organization (ISO) named the "shannon", a unit of measurement for information content, after him. Shannon also has been recognized as the first person to use the word "bit".
________________________________________

Shockley, William Bradford (1910-1989)
 
British co-inventor of the transistor, and a member of the AT&T Bell Telephone Laboratories team with John Bardeen and Walter Brattain. The three shared a nobel prize in physics in 1956.
________________________________________

Sinclair, Clive
 
British inventor, who brought the price of computers below $100.00 (Sinclair ZX80).
________________________________________

Stibitz, George Robert (1904-1995)
 
American mathematician at AT&T Bell Laboratories who invented several computers the first of which used Boolean logic to add, subtract, multiply, and divide complex numbers. This Complex Number calculator, completed in 1939, provided the foundation for digital computers and was also the first machine to be used from a remote location.
________________________________________

Stroustrup, Bjarne (1950- )
A Dane who invented the C++ programming language. He also wrote two books about the language.
________________________________________

Ivan Sutherland
 
Sketchpad Project, MIT, 1963
 The display, a lightpen, and a bank of switches were the interface on which Ivan based the first interactive computer graphics. In 1963, his Ph.D. thesis, "Sketchpad: A Man-machine Graphical Communications System," used the lightpen to create engineering drawings directly on the CRT.  Highly precise drawings could be created, manipulated, duplicated, and stored. The software provided a scale of 2000:1, offering many acres of drawing space.
Sketchpad pioneered the concepts of graphical computing, including memory structures to store objects, rubber-banding of lines, the ability to zoom in and out on the display, and the ability to make perfect lines, corners, and joints. This was the first GUI (Graphical User Interface) long before the term was coined.
________________________________________

Suess, Randy
He and a friend, Ward Christensen, created the first BBS February 16, 1978, in Chicago.
 It wasn't called a BBS. The name was CBBS.
The first BBS ran on an S-100 computer with 64k RAM and two single-sided 8" diskettes each holding 250k.
Randy put the hardware together; Ward wrote the BBS software in 8080 assembler and served as the system operator, a term quickly shortened to sysop.
________________________________________

Teal, Gordon K. (1907- )
 
Texas born Texas Instruments physicist who, in 1954, perfected a way of making transistors out of silicone, one of the most common elements, instead of using germanium, which cost more than gold.
________________________________________
Terrell, Paul
 
Started the Byte Shop in December 1975. He also was interested in selling Apple I's. Without Paul Terrell and the Byte shop Apple may have never gotten anywhere.
________________________________________
Torvalds, Linus
 
In 1990, Torvalds, a student of 25 years old at the University of Helsinki, was looking to replace his old Commodore. He did not want DOS for an OS and UNIX was expensive. That is why he created LINUX, with the help of many people from around the globe. An operating system distributed for free an alternative for Microsoft WINDOWS.
________________________________________

Tramiel, Jack
 
Auschwitz survivor who founded Commodore International, which released the Pet (Personal Electronic Transactor) in 1978 and began the micro computer race with Tandy Radio Shack and Apple Computer. Tramiel, later sold the Texas based company to buy Atari from Warmer Communications.
________________________________________

Turing, Alan Mathison (1912-1954)
 
英国数学家,在Bletchley Park设计Colossus计算机时起到关键性作用,Colossus可以说是第一台电子计算机,二战中用于破解德国的密码。后来,他发明了“图灵测试”(Turing Test),如果一台计算机能够通过这项测试,就可以证明它能够思考(当然,到现在还没有计算机能够通过)。1952年,他由于“有失风化”的行为,而被强行服用女性荷尔蒙,因为他是一位同性恋者。两年后,他去世。
________________________________________

Wang, An (1920-1990)
Chinese physicist and engineer who invented and patented magnetic core storage while working at Harvard University for Howard Aiken. IBM bought the storage method for a ridiculously low price considering that magnetic string memories ended up making stored program computers commercially practical. Want later founded his own company in Boston, Wang Laboratories Inc. The company created the first desktop computer and also developed word processing in which text editing could be done on screen.
________________________________________

Warnock, John E.
 
他发明的页面描述语言Post-Script PDL,成为引发桌面出版革命的重要因素,1982年他和Charles Geschke一起创办了软件公司Adobe系统。
________________________________________

Watson, Thomas J. (1874-1956)
 
出生于纽约,他在二战期间创办IBM公司,并担任公司总裁。他投资Howard Aiken的计划,建造了哈佛MARK I计算器。
________________________________________

Watson, Thomas J. Jr. (1914-1993)
 
1952年,他接过父亲的接力棒,担任IBM总裁一职。上任后明确了公司建造和销售计算机的发展方向。在他的领导下,IBM逐渐成为计算机市场的绝对垄断者。蓝色巨人从此确立。
________________________________________

Wilkes, Maurice Vincent (1913- )
英国数学家,负责设计和建造EDSAC (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator),这台拥有存储内存的计算机又16根钢管和3000个真空管组成,可以用英文编程,每秒可执行加法140万次。后来,他建造EDSAC 2,这是第一台具有微型可编程控制单元的计算机。
________________________________________

Williams, Frederic Galland (1911-1977)
英国工程师,在Tom Kilburn帮助下,为SEEM (small scale electronic machine)开发阴极射线管(CRT)的存储。1948年,SEEM在Manchester大学开始运行。CRT的存储是第一个高速随机存取内存 (RAM),允许计算机直接读取特定的存储信息。
________________________________________

Williams, Samuel B.
American engineer for AT&T贝尔实验室的美国工程师,1939年他指导George Stibitz完成大功能计算机器。
________________________________________

Wirth, Niklaus (1934- )
出生于瑞典,创建了Oberon面向对象编程语言和使用1.5MB内存的操作系统,他还创建了Modula-2和Pascal。
________________________________________

Wozniak, Steven Gary "The Woz" (1950- )
 
加州的电气工程师。1976年,与伙伴乔布斯一起,在乔布斯老爸的车库里共同创办苹果公司。Wozniak被认为是“苹果之父”,而乔布斯提供了苹果的发展野心和动力。他设计了商业上大获成功的Apple II电脑,将电脑业推向新的高潮,并将苹果从车库公司变成千百万美元规模的大公司。1985年离开苹果,创办了自己的公司CL-9 (Cloud 9),设计远程控制产品。后来,他的时间主要帮助学生学习计算机,并帮助Mitch Kapor创办非赢利公民自由组织电子前线基金(Electronic Frontier Foundation),启蒙数字革命的社会影响,保护网上自由。
________________________________________

Yamachita, Hideo (1899-1993)
日本工程师,被认为是日本计算机产业之父。1950年,他领导的小组建造了日本第一台大型电子计算机Tokyo Automatic Calculator (TAC),机器使用了真空管。
________________________________________
Yang, Jerry (right)
 
1994年还在斯坦福攻读博士学位的杨致远,与同学David Filo创建了互联网目录指南Yahoo!,帮助学校的同学们定位互联网上的优秀站点,后来成为全球最大的IT门户。
________________________________________

Zuse, Konrad (1910-1995)
 
德国工程师,1938年建造世界上最早的二进制数字计算机之一Z1,但是在二战中被炮火摧毁。他继续开发了后续的Z2、Z3和Z4,最后一台是战火中唯一的幸存者。

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