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The Victor 9000 / Sirius S1 was conceived by Chuck Peddle who also designed the first Commodore PETs. This machine was quite innovative and superior in many points to the original IBM PC. It met a certain success in Europe as the IBM PC was not yet available there, whereas the Sirius S1 (european name of the Victor 9000) was. ACT sold a lot of these systems in UK, and their first "homemade" computer, the Apricot PC, borrowed a lot to the Sirius S1.

The mechanical keyboard is very complete and has its own 8035 cpu. The 12'' monochrome monitor is equiped with an anti-relflection filter and can be adjusted horizontaly and verticaly. Contrast and luminosity are controlled directly from the keyboard. The computer can display text ranging from 80 x 25 to 132 x 50. But the best feature is the high resolution reaching 800 x 400 pixels!

The Victor 9000 is equiped with a Codec which can sample and replay sounds in telephone quality. There are two V24 / RS232 ports and one parallel connector which can also be used as an IEEE-488 interface (to connect measurement instruments for example). There is also an optional light-pen, which is in fact a touch pen using resistive mesh on the CRT.
The two 5.25" disk-drives are single-sided and offer 600 kb each. But double-sided models were available as an option and offered 1.2 Mb each.
The Victor 9000 was perhaps best known for how it was able to achieve such high density on it's floppy disks. It used variable speed disk drives; there were 9 different speeds used. As the drive head moved outward the speed would increase. It was really neat to hear the speed change as the drive head moved.

The Victor 9000 could run with MS-DOS or CP/M 86. Many languages were available: Basic 86, C-Basic, Cobol, CIS-Cobol, Pascal, Fortran, PL1, PLM, etc.; as well as some software: Wordstar, Spellstar, Mailmerge, Multiplan, etc.
VICTOR一9000微型机是国内使用较多的一种IBM一PC兼容机,广泛地用于管理,实验数据处理等方面。为资源共享和外部设备共享,国内许多厂家生产了I-BM一Pc机到vlcTOR一9000机的通讯卡和IBM一PC机到APPLE一亚机的通讯卡。但VICToR一9000机与ApPLE一亚十之间的通讯还是尚未完善。

目录

主要参数编辑本段回目录

Victor 9000 Sirius 1
Released:1982
Price:US $4,995 (128K RAM)
CPU:Intel 8088 @ 5 MHz
RAM:128K - 896K
Display:800 x 400 graphics
 80 x 25 text
Expansion:4 internal slots (nonstandard)
Ports:2 serial, 1 parallel
Storage:2 internal 5 1/4-inch floppies
OS:CP/M-86 on diskette
 MS-DOS on diskette
NAME  Victor 9000 / Sirius 1
MANUFACTURER  Sirius Computer
TYPE  Professional Computer
ORIGIN  U.S.A.
YEAR  1982
BUILT IN LANGUAGE  None
KEYBOARD  Full-stroke keyboard with function keys, editing keypad and separated numeric keypad. 94 keys
CPU  Intel 8088
SPEED  4 MHz
RAM  128 kb (up to 896 kb)
ROM  16 KB
TEXT MODES  80 x 25, 132 x 50 (matrix of 9 x 12 or 10 x 16)
GRAPHIC MODES  800 x 400 dots
COLORS  monochrome
SOUND  built-in speaker
SIZE / WEIGHT  38(W) x 33(D) x 18(h) cm. Weight: 14 Kg (including two F.D. drives)
I/O PORTS  Parallel / IEEE-488, two RS232 / V24 ports, four expansion slots
BUILT IN MEDIA  Two 5.25'' disk-drives, 612 kb each (or 1,2 Mb each as an option)
Optional 10,6 Mb hard-disk
OS  CP/M 86, MS-DOS
POWER SUPPLY  PSU built-in
PRICE  4421 (France, april 1983) - ?754 (U.K., 1983)
10 MB hard disk and controler: $4495
128 KB memory board $800
384 KB memory board $2500 

详解编辑本段回目录




"I am the Victor 9000, the number one choice in business computers." (MP3 sound sample)

Introduced at COMDEX 81, the Victor 9000 had its first shipment in spring of 1982. The powerful system is based on the Intel 8088 processor and features 128K bytes of main memory (expandable to 896K); floppy storage capacity of 1.2 megabytes on single-sided diskettes and 2.4 megabytes on double-sided diskettes; hard disk storage capacity of 10.6 megabytes (formatted) in either internal or external versions; an 80/132 column display screen with graphics-quality resolution of 800 x 400 pixels, and four input/output ports- two serial and two parallel (one internal). 
  • 1980 - Chuck Peddle leaves Commodore, forms Sirius Systems Technology , is named president.
  • 1981 - Kidde, Inc. helps finance Sirius specifically to create the Victor 9000, which was designed in-part by Chuck Peddle.
  • 1982 - Victor is selling two-thousand 9000s a month by the end of the year.
  • 1983 - Struggling financially.
  • 1984 - Bankrupt. Victor had over 50 branch offices in the US, with hope for 1000+ retailers by the end of year 1982.

    Peddle's company, Sirius Systems Technology, changed their name to Victor, primarily because of a merger with Victor Business Products, itself a subsidiary of the conglomerate Kidde, Inc., the chief investor in Sirius.
    But Sirius/Victor had also lost the rights to use the "Sirius" name in US following a suit filed by Sirius Software, Inc, a manufacturer and distributer of games software.

    The Victor 9000 is sold in Europe as the Sirius 1, distributed by ACT. The system is basically the same, but it has a different case.
    They both run either the CP/M-86 or MS-DOS operating system, but neither is IBM compatible - that is, software written specifically for the IBM PC probably will not run on the Victor. Additionally, the hardware specs, floppy drives, and expansion slots are dissimilar.

    Peddle believed they could become third-largest computer company in world, behind IBM & DEC.

    Quite an optimistic outlook, but the Victor 9000 really was an excellent business machine, probably superior to the competition, mainly the IBM PC, in many ways.

    On March 8, 1983, IBM announced the IBM XT. The XT is an extension of the IBM PC targeted at the business market.

    Many people in the industry feel that the XT was introduced to compete directly with the Victor 9000 hard disk system.

    Source: Victor dealer newsletter.





     

  • 参考文献编辑本段回目录

    http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?st=1&c=210
    http://oldcomputers.net/victor9000.html


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